The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) on Monday, May 4, released a report stating that 40.1 per cent of the country’s population lives in poverty.
This is contained in the NBS executive summary of the 2019 poverty and inequality report released on Monday; said over 82.9 million Nigerians lived below its poverty line of N137,430 per year.
According to the bureau, this survey was conducted between September 2018 and October 2019; in the latest round of the Nigerian Living Standards Survey (NLSS) after 10 years.
The NLSS is the official survey that is the basis for measuring poverty and living standards.
The NBS said, “In Nigeria 40.1 per cent of the total population was classified as poor. In other words, on average, four out of 10 individuals in Nigeria have real per capita expenditures below N137,430 per year.
“This translates to over 82.9 million Nigerians who are considered poor by national standards. It is important to note that this number excludes the state of Borno.”
This means the monthly income of an individual in this category is less than N11,500; while income per day is N38.00.
The report indicated that Sokoto, Taraba, Jigawa, Ebonyi, Zamfara, Yobe, and Adamawa tops the poorest states in the country.
NBS said, “Sokoto State had 87.73 percent poverty headcount rate followed by Taraba with 87.73 percent; then Jigawa which has 87.02 percent and Ebonyi with 79.76 percent.”
It disclosed that Lagos, Delta, Osun, Ogun, Oyo, Edo, and the Anambra States had the least in terms of the poverty levels.
According to the bureau, Lagos State has a 4.50 percent poverty headcount rate, and it has been trailed by Delta with 6.02 percent, followed by Osun State with 8.52 percent.
The report indicated that after Osun, Ogun was next with 9.32 percent; while Oyo has 9.83, and Edo has 11.99 percent as well as Anambra with 14.78 percent.
It said while the NLSS 2018-19 included households from Borno, that sample was not representative of the whole state since only households from “accessible” (safe-to visit) areas were interviewed.
“Thus, the Borno sample is considered non-random and non-representative,” the bureau added.